Journal of Undergraduate Psychological Research

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    Cover
    (2009-02-23T19:02:19Z)
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    Backmatter
    (2009-02-20T13:50:42Z)
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    Effects of Social Class on Body Image and Self-Esteem
    (2009-02-20T13:45:19Z) Caposella, Amanda
    Do the images people are exposed to on a daily basis from magazine ads to billboards affect women's self esteem? Forty undergraduate students viewed images of women in different professions and of different body types to test the theory. According to past research all these perfect images people are exposed to on a daily basis are having a lasting effect on their perceptions of themselves. This researcher wanted to know if exposure to these images would lower women's self-esteem. Results indicated that neither the different conditions (model images versus average body type images) nor the type of profession (lower or higher class occupations) produced any significant differences. Further research is needed to clarify factors related to women's low self-esteem.
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    Effects of Social Influence and Persuasion on Paranormal Beliefs
    (2009-02-20T13:42:09Z) Vallee, Jenna M.
    In the last decade scholars have unexpectedly found that beliefs in the paranormal were not significantly lower in college students vs. the general population. This research has produced a lot of controversy and concern regarding the student's education level and reasoning skills. To investigate further, the current experiment analyzed the relationship between media and social influence and college students' beliefs concerning the paranormal. In contrast to previous research, no differences in beliefs were supported as a function of media or social influence. Potential reasons for the lack of significant results are discussed and proposals for future studies are offered.
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    The Effects of Different Types of Music on Cognitive Abilities
    (2009-02-20T13:38:26Z) Harmon, Laura; Troester, Kristen; Pickwick, Taryn; Pelosi, Giovanna
    A variety of research has been conducted on the effects of different types of music on cognitive abilities. Many of these studies are based upon the Mozart Effect, which claims that listening to classical music has an advantage over other types of music on learning. This study consists of two experiments which tested 54 college students ages 18-50. In Experiment 1, we hypothesized that participants exposed to Mozart would score significantly higher on a listening comprehension test than those exposed to rock music or silence. In Experiment 2, we hypothesized that listening to rock music would result in lower reading comprehension test scores than classical music or non-music groups. An ANOVA test indicated that the results for both experiments were non-significant.