This study measured the effect of disclosed personal information on impression formation. Eight male and
23 female undergraduate students ranging in age from 18 to 41 were randomly assigned to read one of
three descriptions of a hypothetical student who was either healthy, battling cancer, or HIV positive. It was
hypothesized that participants would be less willing to accept the hypothetical student as a friend when a
serious illness was present. Contrary to prediction, no significant difference in self-reported acceptance was
found as a function of the health status of the hypothetical student. These results do not support the behavioral model which explains variation between stigmatized and non stigmatized diseases.